Rationale of "Civil and Environmental"

Two or three decades ago, civil engineering was very much focused on the design and construction of structures only. However, over the years, civil engineers realized that the impact of any development on its surrounding environment cannot be ignored. Because such ignorance may create negative consequences and pose a threat to the public and the environment. Thus, environmental impact assessment has become an integral part of any civil engineering project. Moreover, designing a water or wastewater treatment plant, preparing a solid waste management plan or developing an ‘air purification system’; all fall under ‘Environmental Engineering’ as they deal with environmental elements such as soil, water and air.

Climate change is another matter of concern. In the recent years, climate change and its impact on civil infrastructures have been widely studied and analyzed by civil engineers. The goal is to analyze the impact, assess the associated risks and find feasible solutions as adaptation means. With industrialization and urbanization in progress, environmental management for industries has become very important both in Bangladesh and abroad.This requires a large number of civilengineering professionals specialized in environmental engineering.Considering these factors, the civil engineering program at NSU has been named as ‘Civil and Environmental Engineering’instead of ‘Civil Engineering’.

Many reputed universities in North America, Europe, Asia and other places have adopted this name; namely Stanford University (USA), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA),Carnegie Mellon University (USA), Imperial College (UK), University of Waterloo (Canada), University of New South Wales (Australia), and National University of Singapore. In Bangladesh, ShahjalalUniversity of Science and Technology and Islamic Institute of Technology have named their department as Civil and Environmental Engineering.