MS in Environmental Science & Management


The  graduate  program  –  MS  in  Environmental  Science  and Management  (MESM)  originally  started  as  MS  in  Resource  and Environmental  Management  (MREM)  –  has  been  established  in collaboration  with  the  University  of  Manitoba,  Canada.  This program focuses on building environmental and natural resource governance and management capacity in Bangladesh.  The  course content was jointly developed by the University of Manitoba and North South University, as  part  of  the  CIDA  funded  project  on  Building  Environmental Governance  Capacity  in  Bangladesh  (BEGCB).

The  program  is  interdisciplinary  –  with  overlapping  social, ecological  and  economic  issues.  It  admits  students  from  different academic  backgrounds,  with  emphasis  on  gender  equity.



Major Features of Graduate Curriculum

This  professional  Masters  program,  conducted  in  the  evenings & weekends, requires  about  12 to 18  months  to  complete and consists of  39  credits with a provision of 9 credits waiver depends on the background of the students,  which  are structured  as  follows:

6 credits in 2 foundation courses
21 credits of core courses
9/6 credits of elective courses
3/6 credits through field practicum/thesis writing

Instead  of  doing  thesis,  the  option  is  to  do  a  semester-wide  field work. In  this  instance,  their  6  credit  will comprise  of  one  course  and a  field  work  report,  each  worth  3  credits.

Graduation Requirements:

Minimum CGPA Requirement:

CGPA of 3.0

Credits Requirements:


39 credit hours

Foundation Courses (2 courses x 3 Cr = 6 Credits)




 ENV 501

 Fundamentals of Environmental Science and Management


 ENV 502

 Economics for Environmental Management




Core Courses (7 courses x 3 Cr = 21 Credits)




 ENV 602

 Resource and Ecological Economics


 ENV 603

 Environmental Policy and Governance


 ENV 606

 Environmental and Social Impact Assessment


 ENV 609

 Integrated Resource Management


 ENV 615

 Research Methodology


 ENV 624

 Ecological System and Biodiversity


 ENV 625

 Environmental Laws, Regulations and Compliances


 ENV 627

 Pollution Control


 ENV 630

 Urban Environmental Management


 ENV 635

 Project Development, Monitoring and Evaluation


 ENV 642

 Gender and Sustainable Development


 ENV 649

 Climate Change


 ENV 652

 Geographic Information System




Elective Courses (9 Credits for Non-Thesis and 6 Credits for Thesis Students)




 ENV 601

 Sustainable Development


 ENV 604

 Qualitative Techniques and Environmental Modeling


 ENV 605

 Geography and Natural Disaster


 ENV 618/MGT   
 682/ DEV 575

 Environmental Management


 ENV 621

 Population, Poverty and Environment


 ENV 626

 Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management


 ENV 629

 Waste Management


 ENV 633

 Special Topic on Resource and Environmental Management


 ENV 685

 Water Supply and Sanitation


 ENV 631

 Health and Environment


 ENV 668

 Sustainable Energy Resources




Practicum and Thesis (Either Thesis or Practicum or Both)




 ENV 690

 Field-based Practicum


 ENV 697






Course Description

Foundation Courses:

ENV 501: Fundamentals of Environmental Science and Management: Major components of the environment, population dynamics, environmental management system, biogeochemical cycles, biosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere and hydrosphere, characteristics of ecosystems, management of forests, ranks of biodiversity, renewable and nonrenewable energy sources, concepts of waste management. 3 credits

ENV 502: Economics for Environmental Management: Free market system and public policy, economic toolkits for environmental management, economic rationale for environmental regulation, economics of rural-urban relations and environmental implications, economists’ articulation of environmental problems, economic development and environmental degradation, environmental management measures, valuation of environmental damages and amenities. 3 credits

Core Courses:

ENV 602: Resource and Ecological Economics: Economic and environmental resources, abiotic and biotic resources, resource availability and limits to growth, ecological economic principles, concepts of market failure and externality, theory of optimal extraction and use of nonrenewable and renewable resources, economic valuation of ecological goods and services, intertemporal equilibrium and ecological economic models in water, fisheries and forestry sectors, globalization, international trade and environmental sustainability, pollution control policies and their implications for growth, efficiency and equity. 3 credits

ENV 603: Environmental Policy and Governance: Critical environmental and resource management issues, environmental governance, natural resource management (NRM), theory of property rights, access, control and entitlements of local communities, social arrangements and stakeholders participation in NRM decision making process, institutionalizing fair and participatory governance structure and policy process, cross-scale linkages and multi-level governance in NRM, scope and capabilities of local institutions and stakeholders in NRM, role of NGOs, private sectors and civil society in NRM, global environmental governance, case studies on policy process. 3 credits

ENV 606: Environmental and Social Impact Assessment: Environmental movement, emergence and evolution of environmental impact assessment (EIA); principles of EIA, EIA process for different development projects; EIA methodologies/tools; public participation, EIA regulations in Bangladesh, social impact assessment (SIA), integration of EIA and SIA; tools and methods of SIA, strategic environmental assessment (SEA), integrated environmental assessment (IEA); writing and reviewing EIA report; case studies. 3 credits

 ENV 609: Integrated Resource Management: Concept & Dynamics of INRM; History, evolution, and characteristics of INRM; Challenges and Issues of INRM in practice; Elements of an Integrated Resource Management Approach; Social, political, cultural, institutional, economic, and ecological dimensions of IRM; Linkages between natural and social systems: resilience, sustainability and other perspectives; Indigenous Knowledge (IK) in IRM; Significance and processes of community involvement in IRM; Developing participatory and local level planning for IRM options; Understanding research & learning in the context of IRM Process, tools and strategies; Case studies on sectoral integration: Integrated Watershed Management; Government plan and guidelines; Review of Selected NRM Policies in Bangladesh.. 3 credits

ENV 615: Research Methodology: Research paradigm, qualitative research methods, data collection, processing analysis and interpretation, statistical tools and SPSS, social research methods – survey, interview, ethical issues in social research, quantitative environmental research: field- and/or laboratory based research, safety issues in environmental research design, modeling and simulation, techniques for disseminating research outcome: thesis, articles and presentation, writing research proposals. 3 credits

ENV 624: Ecological System and Biodiversity: Basics of ecology and ecosystem, energy and nutrient cycling, population regulation, community structure, ecological succession, terrestrial and aquatic biomes, human impacts on ecosystem and biodiversity, biodiversity conservation at genetic, species and ecosystem levels, roles of protected area, ecological critical area and community conserved areas, national and global conventions and protocols for biodiversity conservation and bio-safety, context of economic development, case studies of biodiversity conservation. 3 credits

ENV 625 Environmental Laws, Regulations and Compliances: Scopes of environmental law, jurisprudential basis of environmental protection, legal rights of government, Bangladesh scenario – ECA, ECR, environmental court and arbitration procedure, environmental clearance for industries and organizations, international agreement, convention, protocol and law related to environment and climate; environmental compliances for industry and commerce. 3 credits 

ENV 627: Pollution Control: Overview of pollution control: scientific, regulatory, fiscal and other instruments, causes and effects of water, air, soil and noise pollution, air quality standards, gaseous and particulate matter pollution control techniques, noise measurement and control, water quality standards, effluent treatment plant, solid waste management, hazardous waste management and risk analysis, case studies of pollution control strategies and regulations at national to global context. 3 credits

ENV 630: Urban Environmental Management: Urban environmental management (UEM) paradigm in planning education; urbanization, urban development, and sustainable cities, meanings of urbanization and urban growth components, urbanization and economic development, demographic and economic settings of urbanization, water safety, sanitation, waste, air pollution, transportation; urban infrastructure financing and cost recovery, decentralized urban system, urban poverty and the informal sector, gender issues, environmental policy for UEM, climate change and cities. 3 credits

ENV 635: Project Development, Monitoring and Assessment: Knowledge areas, tools and solutions to support the planning, controlling and monitoring, resource allocation, performance measurement, project management cycle, leadership and management skills, methods for identifying the risks to cause cost overruns, delayed schedules, and failure to meet performance standards, techniques to acquire goods and services, project evaluation, understanding of national planning documents and project management challenges in Bangladesh. 3 credits

 ENV 642: Gender and Sustainable Development: Concept and definition of gender, gender - environment relations, women as agents of environmental change, environmental governance from a gender perspectives, theories /models /debates regarding gender and development, gender development organizations: public agencies, CBOs, international agencies, role of NGOs and micro finance institutions (MFIs) in women empowerment, pattern of women-led micro investments and their environmental impact, approach of MFIs to environmental sustainability and case study on micro-credit, women led green micro-enterprise. 3 credits

ENV 649: Climate Change: Historical perspective, science of climate change, three regimes of climate change – mitigation, impact and adaptation; impacts of climate change across sectors, regions, countries and communities; vulnerability, adaptive capacity and adaptation needs; IPCC and other perspectives, UNFCCC and Kyoto protocol, CDM, climate change policy, justice and negotiation, financing climate change. 3 credits

ENV 652: Geographical Information Systems: History, Concepts and Application of GIS; Introduction to Arc Catalog and Arc Map; Tabular Data and Basic Queries; Image Projection and Geo-referencing; GIS Data Entry and Management; Cartographic Representation and Map Preparation; Field Work on data acquisition, processing, manipulation, analysis and product generation using vector based GIS software; Participatory GIS and Spatial analysis; Network analysis; Remote Sensing; Image interpretation, processing and analysis; GPS and its use in GIS and remote sensing and individual GIS-RS data project.  3 credits

Elective Courses:

ENV 601: Sustainable Development: Environment and sustainable development, a historical perspective of sustainable development, indispensability and inseparability of sustainable development, complexity of sustainability issues, theory and practice of sustainable development, national sustainable development strategies, sustainable development indicators, global agenda and agreement on sustainable development. 3 credits

ENV 604: Quantitative Techniques and Environmental Modeling: Significance of quantitative tools in environmental research, basics of calculus, exponential and logarithmic functions, measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability theory, sampling, hypothesis testing, simple and multiple regression, analysis of variance and experimental design, Environmental modeling, basics and numerical schemes for modeling – finite element and finite difference, programming language, application of models in water resources, pollution control, climate change impact assessment. 3 credits

ENV 605 Geography and Natural Disaster:  Introduction to geography, geology and physiography, natural resources and their geographic distribution, environment  and associated problems, dynamic relationships
between geological, atmospheric and hydrological processes, causes and geographical distribution of natural disasters, disaster management cycle; hazard, risk, and vulnerability, coping and adaptation mechanisms, analysis of physical characteristics of natural disasters, prediction of their impact on human population; disaster risk
reduction strategy; disaster, environment and development. 3 credits

ENV 618/MGT 682/DEV575: Environmental Management: Environmental challenge to business management in national and global context, corporate strategy and sustainable development, tools/instruments of CEM environmental accounting and auditing, life cycle assessment, management of environmental information systems for businesses, greening of HRD in business, opportunities in green financing and investment, industry case studies and compliance with Bangladesh government’s policies. 3 credits

 ENV 621: Population, Poverty and Environment: The population question, origin, theories and debates; population growth and the global commons, population and resource sustainability, population and economics, a bio-economic analysis and family production function, perspectives on land-use and labor since World War II, food security and distribution, consumption vs. population; environment and development, poverty-environment nexus, different perspectives and local resource degradation and international trade, case studies.  3 credits

ENV 626 Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management: Global water availability, scope and major sub-systems of IWRM, overview of hydrology, fluid mechanics and river morphology, water resources system of Bangladesh – rainfall, rivers, wetlands and catchment’s characteristics, urban hydrology and drainage issues, water related disaster management, national policy and plans for water resources, integrated planning and management, transboundary water sharing issues and international water law, climate change and water resources. 3 credits

ENV 629 Waste Management: Basic principles of waste management, classification of wastes, waste production, collection, disposal and treatment design: 3Rs, thermal and biological treatment processes, engineered sanitary land filling, community based waste management: Bangladesh perspective, economics of waste management, waste to energy, context of sustainable development and protection of natural resources. 3 credits

ENV 631 Health and Environment: Sources of health risk in air, water, food and wastes, environmental health programs and global development, climate change and environmental health, water safety plan, integrated water resources management, environmental toxicology, solid and clinical waste management, occupational health and safety – legal and social context, organization and management of occupational health services, sustainability and ecosystem health, sociopolitical aspects of environmental risk reduction policies, case study – arsenic mitigation in drinking water. 3 credits

ENV 668: Sustainable Energy Resources: Energy use and environment relationship, strong and weak sustainability, energy security, global need and potential of alternative energy sources – nuclear, solar, biomass, biogas, hydropower, wind, tidal, geothermal, wave energy; sustainable energy options from indigenous and newer sources, e.g. hydrogen fuel, hybrid energy sources, bio-fuel; economics of energy: externalities, economic incentives, legal and regulatory approaches, CDM potential of alternative/renewable energy sources in Bangladesh; energy, environment and food security nexus. 3 credits

ENV 685 Water Supply and Sanitation: Importance of safe drinking water and improved sanitation, water safety plan, planning and design considerations for water supply and sanitation, pressure-velocity-head relationships, ground water hydrology, water demand and peak factor design flow, water treatment processes, disposal, treatment and management of human waste and wastewater, appropriate sanitation technologies for disaster prone areas, urban and rural sanitation: country situation and international test case scenarios. 3 credits

ENV 690:  Field-based Practicum, 3 credits

ENV 697: Thesis, 6 credits


Information available under Future Prospects